Guide to Colored Pencils

Guide to Colored Pencils

Guide to Colored Pencil

Guide to Colored Pencils intuitive design has made them a favorite family art supply, but colored pencils also come in artist-quality varieties that are as far removed from basic pencils as sports cars are to go carts.

These performance colored pencils allow artists to achieve sophisticated drawings in styles ranging from loose and ethereal to photo-realistic.Like watercolors, colored pencils can be blended and layered together to develop complex hues. They also require few supplies, are low maintenance, and produce little mess beyond a few shavings.

This makes them ideal for both traveling artists and beginners: a pencil set, sketchbook, sharpener, and eraser are all you need for most colored pencil techniques. Keep reading to see what to look for in a colored pencil, our top colored pencil recommendations, and detailed test results for opacity, erasability, solubility, and more.

Prismacolor Premier Color Pencils

Select colors of the Prismacolor Premier.

Select colors of the Prismacolor Premier.

Prismacolor Premier colored pencils blend and burnish well.

Prismacolor Premier colored pencils blend and burnish well.

If you want one set of colored pencils that will work for almost any project, go with Prismacolor Premier Color Pencils. They come in a set of 72 vivid colors with extremely soft wax cores that apply smoothly and can easily achieve full coverage.

We especially love them for blending and burnishing. In testing, we found that layers of color almost melted together with very little effort. Because they are so soft, Prismacolor Premiers lose their points quickly and may leave crumbs on the paper.

Their wax binders also make them vulnerable to wax bloom, but this is true of all wax-based pencils. Using fixative minimizes this effect. Prismacolor Premiers are highly opaque and suitable for colored paper as well as other papers like coloring books and sketchbooks




Colored pencil art often involves layering multiple hues to develop specific colors and add shading. To help those colors look more cohesive, artists rub light-colored pencils or tools like colorless blender pencils over the layers until they merge together. Artists may also burnish their work to portray very smooth surfaces. This means that they blend layers of color with heavy pressure until the paper’s texture no longer shows through. Burnishing is easiest with wax-based pencils. Soft pencils are usually easier to blend than harder pencils.



Some colored pencil marks will dissolve when they contact liquid media like watercolors and inks. This is called solubility. It’s usually best to use insoluble pencils in multi-media projects. More soluble leads may feather or show through other media layered on top of them. On the other hand, soluble pencils help artists blend colors and achieve beautiful painterly effects. Watercolor pencils are made specifically to be used this way. Colored pencils aren’t typically water soluble, but artists sometimes dissolve them with other solvents like odorless mineral spirits.



Colored pencils are harder to erase than their graphite cousins, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t use erasing techniques. Some colored pencils are specifically made to be erasable. Others will erase to some degree but may not disappear completely. If you plan to use erasers to lighten specific areas or often want to remove stray lines, it’s worth looking for colored pencils that erase well.



Artists often use toned, or colored, paper to set the mood of a piece or help develop shadows and highlights. Some colored pencils work well on traditional white paper but seem to recede into toned paper. This is because they are not sufficiently opaque to prevent the colored background from showing through. Highly opaque pencils may also cover outlines in sketches or coloring books.



Like graphite pencils, colored pencils can be hard or soft. Soft colored pencils are more opaque and good for laying down coverage. Using soft colored pencils feels closer to painting, but they lose their points quickly and may leave crumbs behind. Hard colored pencils are good for details and need sharpening less often, but they deposit less color on the paper.



All wooden pencils are susceptible to broken leads, but the relatively soft cores of colored pencils render them especially vulnerable. Pencils made with high-quality wood that is securely bound to the pencil cores are less likely to break from being dropped or sharpened. Harder pencils are less likely to suffer from broken tips due to the strength of their cores.



Colored pencils should deliver rich color. This lets you produce a variety tones by using different amounts of pressure. Pencils made with more pigment are typically more vibrant, as are softer pencils. Many pigments will fade over time as they are exposed to light, so it’s best to use lightfast colored pencils for important projects.

Pieces drawn with wax-based pencils may suffer from wax bloom, which obscures the color. Wipe the wax gently away to restore drawings. You can also spray finished pieces with fixative to greatly reduce the chance that they will develop wax bloom.

Guide to Colored Pencils

Color Selection

It’s best to choose pencils that come in a wide range of colors. Paints allow you to mix colors fairly easily, but blending colored pencils is harder and takes more time. There are also some colors, like vibrant purple, which are difficult to blend from pencil. Choosing pencils that come in many different hues helps you achieve the right color more easily.It’s easier in the long run to choose pencils that are available individually as well as in sets. This lets you replace colors as you use them up, rather than buying entirely new sets to replace your favorite hues.

For Fine Art

Fine art colored pencil drawings use many layers to develop realistic images with incredible depth, dimension, and lifelike colors. The best colored pencils for fine art are highly pigmented and come in a large range of hues.


Seven representative colors of the Faber-Castell Polychromos colored pencils.

Seven colors of the Faber-Castell Polychromos colored pencils.

Faber-Castell Polychromos colored pencils are lightfast.

Faber-Castell Polychromos colored pencils are lightfast.

Faber-Castell Polychromos are the pencils to use if you’re drawing a piece for display. Their richly pigmented cores are oil based, which means that they’ll never suffer from wax bloom. More impressively, they are lightfast. Asterisks next to each color’s name indicate how lightfast that specific color is so that you can easily see how each pencil will perform over time. These artist-quality pencils lay down a smooth layer of color at the slightest touch, but their strong points can also handle heavy pressure for greater intensity. In addition, Polychromos pencils are color-matched with other Faber-Castell products. This lets you easily combine colored pencil with other media, such as markers and brush pens from the Faber-Castell PITTline. Polychromos pencils come in 120 individual colors as well as sets of 12, 24, and 36 to help you achieve precisely the right hue.

Uni Pericia colored pencils are vivid and luxuriously smooth.

Uni Pericia colored pencils are vivid and luxuriously smooth.
Uni Pericia pencils are some of the most deliciously creamy pencils we’ve ever used. They feature a unique oil-based core that also incorporates a special wax for exceptionally smooth application. Their high-quality pigments yield vivid hues with each stroke. They blend well and are quite opaque, which makes them a good choice for colored paper also. They have good lightfastness. Uni Pericia colored pencils come in sets of 12, 24, and 36. They are packaged in gorgeous faux leather cases that make them especially attractive gifts.

For Sketching

Artists’ everyday carry gear often includes a simple sketching kit to allow them to draw during their downtime and capture fleeting moments on paper. They also often begin more finished pieces with loose sketches in light-colored pencil. Colored sketching pencils don’t need to come in as many shades as other colored pencils for artists, but those they do have should be versatile as well as hard enough to minimize smudging in a closed sketchbook.

Uni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Pencils

Uni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Pencils are double sided.

Uni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Pencils are double sided.

Vermillion is good for underdrawing, while Prussian blue adds emphasis.

These pencils are designed for editors, but they’re surprisingly good for sketching also. Uni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Pencils are double sided, so you can carry two colors without taking up any extra space. They have firm cores that don’t smudge very much but are soft enough to easily lay down smooth lines. The vermillion side is a slightly orange red that works well for underdrawing, while the darker Prussian blue side is ideal for overdrawing and adding emphasis. These two-sided pencils are available in hexagonal or round bodies to suit your preferences and either an even distribution of the two colors or a 7:3 ratio of vermillion to Prussian blue for those who use the red side more often. They also come in single-color erasable versions.

Also Consider: Caran d’Ache Sketcher Pencils

Caran d'Ache Sketcher Pencils are easy to edit out of pictures.

If you’re sketching an underdrawing for a drawing that you plan to work with digitally, Caran d’Ache Sketcher Pencils are the perfect choice. They come in a single light blue hue known as non-repro blue. This shade of blue is not picked up by black and white photocopiers and is easy to edit out of scanned images. They also take ink well without showing through. This allows artists to draw over their lines and complete multi-media projects without worrying about stray marks. They erase well. Their leads are hard enough to resist breakage and maintain a sharp point yet soft enough to draw smoothly and easily.

For Colored Paper

Colored paper, also called toned paper, offers artists several advantages. It can give a drawing a unified look, set a certain mood, and speed up the development of colors, shading, and highlights. If you plan to use toned paper, look for pencils with high opacity. This will allow you to develop vivid images on darker surfaces.

Uni Arterase Color Pencils

Representative colors of the Uni Arterase.

Representative colors of the Uni Arterase.

Uni Arterase Color Pencils show up well on toned paper.

Uni Arterase Color Pencils show up well on toned paper.

Our favorite colored pencils for toned paper are the Uni Arterase. They are highly opaque and stand out boldly from dark paper. They are also an absolute joy to use, with cores that are simultaneously firm and gloriously smooth. Their strong tips sharpen to precise points and readily produce different color values depending on the amount of pressure used. They blend together well. As a bonus, Uni Arterase colored pencils erase astonishingly well. If you use erasers to add highlights, remove initial sketches, or just tidy up mistakes, these are the pencils for you. They come in sets of 12 and 24 as well as singly and in a 36-color bundle.


For Coloring Books

Many people start coloring with whatever tools they have on hand, but ordinary colored pencils are inconsistent and poorly pigmented. Higher-quality colored pencils let you use layering and blending to fill the intricate patterns of adult coloring books with more beautiful and subtle hues. Their vivid colors can be a revelation – not to mention, their smoothness makes coloring even more relaxing.

Uni No.888 Color Pencils

Uni No.888 Color Pencils come in a variety of natural hues.

Uni No.888 Color Pencils come in a variety of natural hues.

Uni No.888 Color Pencils can form beautiful gradients between colors.

Uni No.888 Color Pencils can form beautiful gradients.

Uni designed their No.888 Color Pencils specifically for coloring books. They come in a set of 36 that includes several rich hues of red, brown, and green. This allows colorists to depict natural motifs like plants and animals with great detail and variety. They also layer well, so you can build up more colors than are represented in the set. Uni No.888 colored pencils are pleasantly soft and allow for smooth gradations between colors.

Also Consider: Palomino Blackwing Colors Colored Pencils

Palomino Blackwing Colors are wonderfully smooth.

In addition to their famous Blackwing graphite pencils, Palomino also produces vibrant colored pencils. Like the Uni No.888, Palomino Blackwing Colors are made specifically for adult coloring books. They have wonderfully smooth wax-based cores for easy coloring and work best on mildly textured paper. Their main drawback is their limited selection of 12 bright hues. If you’d like more different colors, try the Tombow Irojiten Color Pencils. These harder Japanese pencils come in unusual shades, including fluorescent and grayscale.

Watercolor Pencils

Guide to Colored Pencils: Water-soluble pencils combine the best features of painting and drawing. When dry, they have the precision and control of standard colored pencils. Once wet, their marks disperse like watercolor paint. Artists can even dip their tips in water to produce extra-bold lines or use wet brushes to grab pigment to paint with. Typical drawing paper warps when wet, so it’s best to pair watercolor pencils with heavier paper.

Caran d’Ache Museum Aquarelle Pencils

Select colors of the Caran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle Pencils.

Select colors of the Caran d’Ache Museum Aquarelle Pencils.

Guide to Colored Pencils

Caran d’Ache Museum Aquarelle Pencils are designed to produce museum-quality artwork. They have extra-thick cores of concentrated pigment that leaves brilliant marks at the slightest touch. They are extremely soft. This means that they may leave crumbs on your paper, but they will also provide excellent coverage and blend very well. When touched with water, their colors brighten even further and spread smoothly.

These Swiss watercolor pencils are lightfast to prevent your art from fading over time. Each pencil bears a series of asterisks to show where it falls on the Standard Blue Wool Scale so that you can choose colors that are as lightfast as you need. Caran d’Ache Museum Aquarelle Pencils come in 76 individual colors. Because they are slightly wider than most other pencils, they don’t fit in every sharpener. We have found that the Kum No. 410 Magnesium Pencil Sharpener works well.

Also Consider: Derwent Inktense Pencils

Guide to Colored Pencils

Derwent Inktense Pencils brighten dramatically when wet.
Derwent Inktense Pencils are named for their extraordinarily intense color they deliver when wet. Even when dry, their high level of pigmentation gives artists vivid color without using up a lot of pencil. Water brightens the color to be truly “Inktense.” They have thick, buttery cores and dissolve easily into watercolor washes. Once they dry, washes become permanent. This allows artists to safely layer multiple colors and media over previously activated pencil marks. Inktense pencils are available as singles, sets of 6, 12, 24, and 36,



Stillman & Birn Alpha Sketchbooks and Canson XL Mix Media Pads are excellent for colored pencils.Stillman & Birn Alpha Sketchbooks and Canson XL Mix Media Padsare excellent for colored pencils.

Colored pencils will work on almost any surface, but we recommend paper with mild tooth. The Stillman & Birn Alpha Sketchbook is an excellent option. Its texture helps pencils deposit plenty of pigment, but it’s not so pronounced that the paper grain breaks up the color significantly. Alpha sketchbooks are also heavier than most colored pencil paper, which gives you the option to use light washes and mixed media.


Prismacolor Kneaded Rubber Erasers lighten specific areas of color, while the Kokuyo Campus Student Eraser For 2B Lead removes larger patches.

Prismacolor Kneaded Rubber Erasers lighten specific areas of color, while the Kokuyo Campus Student Eraser For 2B Lead removes larger patches.
The best eraser for your colored pencils depends on what you are using it for. If you want to use the eraser as a tool to lighten discrete areas of color or form small details, try Prismacolor Kneaded Rubber Erasers. These pull color from the paper rather than rubbing it away and can be shaped to precise points. If you want to remove color more thoroughly, we recommend the Kokuyo Campus Student Eraser For 2B Lead. It erases colored pencil marks more effectively than most erasers and does not leave hard edges.

Use the Uni Color Pencil Sharpener for shorter points and the Sonic Ratchetta to make longer tips.

Use the Uni Color Pencil Sharpener for shorter points and the Sonic Ratchetta to make longer tips.
The Uni Color Pencil Sharpener may look like any other basic sharpener, but does a phenomenally reliable job of sharpening soft colored pencil leads without breakage. It produces a relatively short point. If you prefer long points, the Sonic Ratchettais an excellent sharpener that we often use for our own pencils.

Pencil Case

Global Art Pencil Cases are stylish, sturdy, and hold lots of pencils.

Global Art Pencil Cases are stylish, sturdy, and hold lots of pencils.
If you want to sketch throughout the day, you’ll need a case to protect your pencils and make them easy to grab and go. Stylish Global Art Pencil Cases are made with sturdy canvas that can stand up to significant wear. The book style case has rigid paneling and a soft interior with secure elastic bands to prevent pencils from getting damaged. The two sizes can hold up to 24 or 48 pencils at once. If your collection falls between that number, the roll up case holds up to 36 pencils in individual slots. Read our Comprehensive Guide to Pencil Cases, Pouches, & Rolls for more suggestions.

Guide to Colored Pencils


We tested all of our colored pencil lines to help you choose the best option for your use. Since each colored pencil line can contain dozens of colors, we chose to compare similar hues from each line rather than test every pencil color. We separated our tests into two tables: general properties and solubility.

General Properties

All tests except opacity were performed with representative reds from each pencil line.

  • Swatch: We shaded each swatch from soft to hard pressure to show the full range of shading available.
  • Erasing: We erased the center of each swatch with a Sakura Foam Eraser.
  • Smudging: We rubbed half swatches with a finger to see how much color would smudge.
  • Opacity: We swatched white pencils on black paper to see how opaque the pencils were. If a line did not include white, we used the lightest available substitute.
  • Crumbling: We made a partial swatch with hard pressure and photographed the crumbs left on the paper.
Palomino Blackwing ColorsPalomino Blackwing Colors SwatchPalomino Blackwing Colors ErasingPalomino Blackwing Colors SmudgingPalomino Blackwing Colors OpacityPalomino Blackwing Colors Crumbling
Caran d’Ache Museum AquarelleCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle SwatchCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle ErasingCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle SmudgingCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle OpacityCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle Crumbling
Caran d’Ache SketcherCaran d'Ache Sketcher SwatchCaran d'Ache Sketcher ErasingCaran d'Ache Sketcher SmudgingCaran d'Ache Sketcher OpacityCaran d'Ache Sketcher Crumbling
Derwent InktenseDerwent Inktense SwatchDerwent Inktense ErasingDerwent Inktense SmudgingDerwent Inktense OpacityDerwent Inktense Crumbling
Faber-Castell PolychromosFaber-Castell Polychromos SwatchFaber-Castell Polychromos ErasingFaber-Castell Polychromos SmudgingFaber-Castell Polychromos OpacityFaber-Castell Polychromos Crumbling
Prismacolor Col-ErasePrismacolor Col-Erase SwatchPrismacolor Col-Erase ErasingPrismacolor Col-Erase SmudgingPrismacolor Col-Erase OpacityPrismacolor Col-Erase Crumbling
Prismacolor PremierPrismacolor Premier SwatchPrismacolor Premier ErasingPrismacolor Premier SmudgingPrismacolor Premier OpacityPrismacolor Premier Crumbling
Prismacolor VerithinPrismacolor Verithin SwatchPrismacolor Verithin ErasingPrismacolor Verithin SmudgingPrismacolor Verithin OpacityPrismacolor Verithin Crumbling
Tombow IrojitenTombow Irojiten SwatchTombow Irojiten ErasingTombow Irojiten SmudgingTombow Irojiten OpacityTombow Irojiten Crumbling
Uni ArteraseUni Arterase SwatchUni Arterase ErasingUni Arterase SmudgingUni Arterase OpacityUni Arterase Crumbling
Uni PericiaUni Pericia SwatchUni Pericia ErasingUni Pericia SmudgingUni Pericia Swatch OpacityUni Pericia Swatch Crumbling
Uni No.888Uni No.888 SwatchUni No.888 ErasingUni No.888 SmudgingUni No.888 OpacityUni No.888 Crumbling
Uni Vermilion and Prussian BlueUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue SwatchUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue ErasingUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue SmudgingUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue OpacityUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Crumbling


All tests were performed with representative reds from each pencil line.

  • Swatch: We shaded each swatch from soft to hard pressure to show the full range of shading available.
  • Water: We drew over the swatches with a water brush.
  • Odorless Mineral Spirits (OMS): We drew over the swatches with odorless mineral spirits.
  • Ink: We drew over the swatches with a Pentel Pocket Brush Pen and Copic Multiliner SP Pen.
Palomino Blackwing ColorsPalomino Blackwing Colors SwatchPalomino Blackwing Colors Water SolubilityPalomino Blackwing Colors Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityPalomino Blackwing Colors Ink
Caran d’Ache Museum AquarelleCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle SwatchCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle Water SolubilityCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityCaran d'Ache Museum Aquarelle Ink
Caran d’Ache SketcherCaran d'Ache Sketcher SwatchCaran d'Ache Sketcher Water SolubilityCaran d'Ache Sketcher Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityCaran d'Ache Sketcher Ink
Derwent InktenseDerwent Inktense SwatchDerwent Inktense Water SolubilityDerwent Inktense Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityDerwent Inktense Ink
Faber-Castell PolychromosFaber-Castell Polychromos SwatchFaber-Castell Polychromos Water SolubilityFaber-Castell Polychromos Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityFaber-Castell Polychromos Ink
Prismacolor Col-ErasePrismacolor Col-Erase SwatchPrismacolor Col-Erase Water SolubilityPrismacolor Col-Erase Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityPrismacolor Col-Erase Ink
Prismacolor PremierPrismacolor Premier SwatchPrismacolor Premier Water SolubilityPrismacolor Premier Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityPrismacolor Premier Ink
Prismacolor VerithinPrismacolor Verithin SwatchPrismacolor Verithin Water SolubilityPrismacolor Verithin Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityPrismacolor Verithin Ink
Tombow IrojitenTombow Irojiten SwatchTombow Irojiten Water SolubilityTombow Irojiten Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityTombow Irojiten Ink
Uni ArteraseUni Arterase SwatchUni Arterase Water SolubilityUni Arterase Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityUni Arterase Ink
Uni PericiaUni Pericia SwatchUni Pericia Water SolubilityUni Pericia Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityUni Pericia Ink
Uni No.888Uni No.888 SwatchUni No.888 Water SolubilityUni No.888 Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityUni No.888 Ink
Uni Vermilion and Prussian BlueUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue SwatchUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Water SolubilityUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Odorless Mineral Spirits SolubilityUni Vermilion and Prussian Blue Ink




Colored pencils are easy to get started with yet full of potential for experienced artists. Whether you prefer sketching on the go, drawing detailed portraits, or coloring for stress relief, these versatile and high-quality tools deserve a place in your art kit.

Palomino Blackwing Colors12Soft
Caran d’Ache Museum Aquarelle76Soft
Caran d’Ache Sketcher1Medium
Derwent Inktense36Soft
Faber-Castell Polychromos120Soft
Prismacolor Col-Erase25Hard
Prismacolor Premier72Soft
Prismacolor Verithin41Hard
Tombow Irojiten90Medium
Uni Arterase36Medium
Uni Pericia36Soft
Uni No.88836Soft
Uni Vermilion and Prussian Blue2Medium
A Brief History of Fountain Pens

A Brief History of Fountain Pens

A Brief History of Fountain Pens


While the earliest record of a fountain-like pen dates from the 10th century, fountain pens as we know them today didn’t exist until the late 19th century. In 1884, an American named Lewis Waterman patented the first practical model after supposedly having a sales contract ruined by a leaky precursor. Before Waterman’s version, fountain pens were plagued with ink spills and blots, and were unreliable and inconvenient.

The main problem of earlier fountain pens centered on airflow — there wasn’t enough. Fountain pens work by managing the rate at which the ink flows through the pen.


Winston Churchill sitting at desk writing with fountain pen


When the pen is held at an upright angle, ink from the reservoir is drawn downward by gravity, and goes through the feed and to the nib in a controlled fashion. Unless air is brought into the reservoir to replace the ink as it is used, a vacuum will build up that stops the flow.

A Brief History of Fountain Pens

Waterman solved this airflow issue by cutting a series of three fissures in the pen’s feed. This created a capillary-esque mechanism that functioned by drawing ink into these small channels at the same time that air came back in over the fissures and entered the reservoir. The modern fountain pen was born.

Though Waterman’s innovation made fountain pens much more effective and convenient to write with, filling the pen remained a messy and tedious affair. You had to unscrew a portion of the barrel and use an eyedropper to fill the reservoir drop by drop.

At the turn of the 20th century, companies began introducing self-filling reservoirs that allowed users to put the nib in the ink bottle and fill the reservoir by pulling a lever or twisting the barrel.


A Brief History of Fountain Pens


mark twain fountain pen ad advertisement paul wirt

Despite the introduction of the ballpoint pen in the early 1900s, fountain pens maintained their dominance as the go-to writing instrument up until the mid-point of the century. It was not until the 1960s, when the ballpoint pen’s reliability increased, and its price decreased, that fountain pen sales began their long and steady decline in the United States.

While they’re still widely used by students in private schools in England and the rest of Europe, in America the fountain pen is largely seen as more of a collector’s item, a status symbol, or the focus of a twee hobby.

However, thanks to the internet’s ability to connect enthusiasts, the fountain pen has seen something of a resurgence in the U.S. Today you can find countless forums and blogs dedicated to the virtues of this classic writing instrument.



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